line decor
line decor

challenger logo

anfang hile the hooded nib of the Parker “51” was preferred by the vast majority of the customers, there were still a lot of people who liked the sight of the open nib. This was especially true in Europe. For the same reason Parker had offered the Parker “VS” as a complement to the hidden nib of the Parker “51”, which was ment to replace the somewhat dated Vacumatic (Vacumatic Successor). There are several examples of prototype Parker “51” style pens with open nibs in the Parker Archives.

The same ideas were true during the 1960’s when the Parker “61” was selling in great numbers. Its design was based on the Parker “51”, which was still being offered, but the Parker “61” had a slimmer body and of course the legendary capillary filling system with non-moving parts. Well, this filling system had caused the Parker repair department much trouble when the filler units got old and many pens clogged up, rendering them unusable.

Nevertheless Parker in the UK decided that there was potential for a new style of pen, based on the Parker "61" and in 1967 the Parker "65" was introduced. It was very similar to the Parker "61", but had a semi-flexible open nib. The ball point pens offered were made to compliment both the sister lines Parker "61" and "65".

anfanglso in 1967 Parker in the UK introduced a very attractive gold design called Consort, a cap that held twice the gold of the Insignia, in 12 carat rolled gold cap and barrel in an intricate "brick" or grid pattern with deep lines. This replaced the last of the rainbow caps: the Heirloom (in green and pink gold), which was discontinued. Hence there are no Parker "65s" with rainbow caps.

The Parker "65" models in 1967:
    romb Consort (rolled gold cap with brick pattern)
    romb Custom (gold filled cap)
    romb Classic (lustraloy cap)

The colours available were:
    romb Black
    romb Vista Blue (turquoise)
    romb Rage Red
    romb Charcoal Grey

The first Parker “65” (MK I) unpredictable enough had a filling system which was developed for the Parker “VP”, a short lived model that was introduced in 1962 and discontinued in 1964. With the "VP" Parker had tried a new kind of “clean” filler, a removable converter that, as opposed to the standard converters, ended in a long, thin tube that the user would insert into the bottle, compress the sac inside the filler and then replacing the filler into the pen.

Images © Andreas Lambrou courtesy of

Parker "65" from the top: Solid gold Fine Barley (Gain d'Orge), Waterdrop (Perlé), Flammé (fountain pen, pencil and ball pen), Chevron (Basketweave); gold filled Insignias: Cirrus, Stratus and Cumulus; Consort Insignia, Custom Insignia and Flighter DeLuxe.

anfangt was made from a clear plastic and contained a thin rod inside to provide capillary action while writing. It looked a lot like the Parker "51" aerometric filler, but was not a true aerometric. It sounded like a nice, simple solution but the thin, plastic tube that was to forcibly be inserted into the back of the ink collector every time the pen had been filled was very prone to breakage and the Parker After Services was instantly overwhelmed with broken Parker "VP"s. These first Parker "65s" can not be used with cartridges and they had shorter filler units and feeds that are not interchangeable with later models. Maybe Parker in Newhaven had a lot of leftover VP-fillers, anyway the Parker "65" wasn't advertised as having a removable filler. In any case the VP-filler version Parker "65" was discontinued very soon and is quite rare.

It was replaced with a model (MK II) that had a Parker "61" style, longer feed, with an integral piercer, to accommodate the standard cartridges, but it was still not identical to the Parker "61" and, again, not interchangeable, since the threads for both the barrel and shell were finer than on the Parker "61".

In 1968 a Consort Insigna was introduced for both the Parker "61" and "65" lines, it was an all gold model in the Consort design.

anfangn 1969 the Parker "61" and "65" lines were redesigned. The legendary capillary filling system was discontinued on the Parker "61" which was fitted with a cartridge/converter in the manner of the Parker "45". The capillary "61" was one of the last Parker models that didn't take converters (neither did the later Parker "105", for other reasons). The inner cap was also redesigned this year, but the new design proved disastrous on the Parker "61", since it fit so snug to the section that it sometimes scratched the inlaid arrow or even dislocated it. The connector was now in black plastic and the barrel threads was also different. The Parker "65" was changed in the same manner, but since it never had the section arrow it wasn't affected by this design flaw. The connector on the (MK III) Parker "65" now had a coarser threading and for the first time all the internals of the sister pens, save the nibs and feeds, were interchangeable. Two different tools are required to dismantle the MK II and MK III Parker "65".
1969 also saw the introduction of new barrel colours for both the Parker "61" and "65". The Vista blue and Rage Red were discontinued and the colour line-up was:
    romb Dark Blue
    romb Black
    romb Maroon
    romb Grey

Also a Parker "65" Holy Water dispenser was offered. It was an ordinary pen, but had a small chalice instead of a nib.


A Parker "65" Holy Water dispenser.

anfang wo new Parker "61" and "65" models in 9k solid gold, the Presidential, were now offered in two beautiful designs:
    romb Flammé (Chased)
    romb Chevron (Basketweave)

In 1970 a Flighter deLuxe in brushed stainless steel with rolled gold trim was introduced for both the Parker "61" and Parker "65" lines. Two additional Presidential designs were also offered:
    romb Perlé (Waterdrop)
    romb Grain d'Orge (Fine Barley)

These are more common than the Flammé and Chevron, since the 9c Presidentials were made in all four designs, while the 18c Presidentials were made in Fine Barley and Waterdrop finishes only.

In 1972 the Consort and Consort Insignia models were discontinued, together with the old workhorse, the Parker "51".

In 1975 the Classic model of Parker "65" were discontinued in favour of a new all 22c matt gold plated Insigna model named after a cloud, Cirrus. It sported fine, thin lines which gave it almost a brushed gold look. It was offered as a Fountain pen, Ball pen and Mechanical pencil:
    romb Cirrus Insignia

anfang lso in 1975 on all the models, save the Presidential, the grey plastic jewels of the previous years were replaced by a dome-shaped metal version. The earlier pens had a clip washer that was fitted with a hollow clip screw into which a grey plastic "jewel" was screwed. Now a clip with a thinner washer was introduced, which fitted inside the cap top and was held down by a dome shaped gold filled, brass clip screw. Also only three colours remained for the Custom finish, since the grey finish was discontinued:
    romb Black
    romb Dark Blue
    romb Maroon

The gold and gold filled pens all had black sections.

In 1976 two new cloud designs were introduced:
    romb Stratus Insignia
    romb Cumulus Insignia (with clear patches as clouds)

These were offered only as fountain pens and ball pens. The felt-tipped Parker "65" was also introduced, but of the cloud models, the Felt tip was offered as a Cirrus, only.
The Presidential Parker "65s" and the cloud collections were also produced in the French Parker factory in Merú, and there are small changes in the finishes within the same models.


Top: the "VP" filling system. Bottom: the converter filling system.

The Parker "65" line in 1977:
    romb Presidential 9c (Price on request)
    romb Presidential 18c (Price on request)
    romb Cirrus Fountain pen £22
    romb Cirrus Ball pen £12
    romb Cirrus Fibre Tip pen £12
    romb Cirrus Mechanical Pencil £12
    romb Stratus FP £24
    romb Stratus BP £12
    romb Cumulus FP £25
    romb Cumulus BP £12
    romb Custom Insignia FP £20
    romb Custom insignia BP £10
    romb Custom Insignia MP £12
    romb Custom FP £?
    romb Custom BP £?
    romb Flighter DeLuxe FP £12
    romb Flighter DeLuxe BP £5.95
    romb Flighter DeLuxe MP £5.95
    romb Flighter DeLuxe FT £5.95

Already in 1979 the felt-tipped Parker "65s" were being phased out, only the Cirrus and Flighter DeLuxe fibre tip pens remained. Also the Custom Parker "65" was discontinued.
The complete line had substantial price bumps:
    romb Cumulus £60
    romb Stratus £55
    romb Cirrus £50
    romb Custom Insignia £42
    romb Flighter DeLuxe £25

anfangn March of 1980 the cloud series, Cirrus, Stratus and Cumulus were being phased out. Now only a few Parker "65" remained.

The Parker "65" line in 1980:
    romb Presidential 9c (Price on request) FP, BP, MP
    romb Presidential 18c (Price on request) FP, BP, MP
The finishes were still: Fine Barley and Waterdrop for the 18c versions and all four, Fine Barley, Waterdrop, Chevron and Flammé for the 9c version.
    romb Custom insignia FP, BP
    romb Flighter DeLuxe FP, BP, FT

The Parker "65" with time showed two design flaws. One was in connection with the small, gripping section lip that covered the top of the nib. The relative flexibility of the open nib eventually created a separation between the nib and lip, rendering an ink flow problem. Also the space between the ink connector and gripping section had to be sealed with wax to prevent leaking. This wax wasn't always re-applied when the pens were eventually cleaned, which made them leak in the crack. Also an un-experienced repairer that tried to remove the nib without using the special tool (the connector is un-screwed from the inside of the gripping section) would inevitable crack the section lip. Hence many Parker "65s" has this lip missing or cracked.

Photography ©2009 by and courtesy of Itzak "Tsachi" Mitsenmacher.

Parker "65"

anfangn December 1982 the Parker factory in Toronto closed down production and assembly line. Only distribution and repair remained. There was a worldwide recession on Parker sales and Parker's Writing Instrument Operations was losing money for the first time ever. In an effort to cut costs 25% of the worldwide work force was made redundant.

In 1982 all the Parker "65" models, except the Presidentials were discontinued.
1983 Parker attempted a reconstruction and early retirement plan in Janesville in the US and Newhaven in the UK and they also recentralised the research and development department to Janesville. Several pen models also saw price reductions in 1983.

anfangeveral models and designs were discontinued during 1982-1983: the Parker "85", Parker "105", the Parker "50" Falcon, and also the expensive Laque collection of the Parker "180" and Parker "35" was discontinued as well as the expensive TX of the Parker "45".

In 1983 both the 9 and 18 carat solid gold Presidential Parker "65" were discontinued. They were the last of the Parker "65"s.

The Parker "65" are very much collectible, especially the solid and gold filled models, and since they were sold maily in Europe and in the Commonwealth, they fetch rather high prices in the US, although rather common in the Classic and Custom finishes in Europe.


© 1995-2014 Tony Fischier and The Parker Pen Company®/Sanford Ecriture.
This page is in no way sponsored by or created by the Parker Pen Company®. All opinions, views, and thoughts expressed herein are expressly the authors, and in no way reflect the opinions, views, or thoughts of the Parker Pen Company®/Sanford Ecriture. All logos and/or images on these pages are © Copyright of Parker Pen Company®Sanford Ecritureunless otherwise stated and is reprinted by kind permission. If You feel that Your copyright has been violated please contact the WEBMASTER.

Everything on this website is copyrighted by law and can not be used without written permission from the author, Tony Fischier. You may however use the information as reference material and although it is forbidden to make digital copies or reproductions it may be physically printed for personal use, which does not include use on other web pages or in advertising. You may however quote parts of the content of this website, digitally or physically, providing that the source and author is clearly stated, together with the copyright information. In the US referred to as Fair use. If you use any information on this site, a link is appreciated.
Feel free to donate a small sum through Paypal to help this site to stay online. Acknowledgements. in translated versions

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional